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Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine  2020, Vol. 21 Issue (2): 217-223     DOI: 10.31083/j.rcm.2020.02.90
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Safe performance of echocardiography during the COVID-19 pandemic: a practical guide
Matteo Cameli1, *(), Maria Concetta Pastore1, Michael Henein2, 3, 4, Hatem Soliman Aboumarie5, Giulia Elena Mandoli1, Flavio D'Ascenzi1, Paolo Cameli6,
Federico Franchi7, Sergio Mondillo1, Serafina Valente1
1Department of Medical Biotechnologies, Division of Cardiology, University of Siena, Siena 53100, Italy
2Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå 90187, Sweden
3Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, St George London university, London SW17 0RE, United Kingdom
4Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Brunel University, Uxbridge UB8 3PH, United Kingdom
5Adult Intensive Care Unit, Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, London SW3 6NJ, United Kingdom
6Department of Clinical Medical and Neurosciences, Respiratory Disease and Lung Transplantation Section, Le Scotte Hospital, University of Siena, Siena 53100, Italy
7Department of Medical Biotechnologies, Anesthesia and Intensive Care, University of Siena, Siena 53100, Italy
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Abstract:
Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) outbreak has become a worldwide healthcare emergency, with continuously growing number of infected subjects. Considering the easy virus spread through respiratory droplets produced with cough, sneezes or spit or through close contact with infected people or surfaces, healthcare workers are further exposed to COVID-19. Particularly, echocardiography remains an essential diagnostic service which, due to the close contact with patients during the exam, provides echocardiographers high-risk of contagion. Therefore, the common modalities of performing echocardiography should be improved in this scenario, avoiding performing unnecessary exams, using the appropriate personal protective equipment depending on patients' status and location, optimizing time-effectiveness of the echocardiographic study and accurately sanitizing the environment and devices after each exam. This paper aims to provide a simple guide for the clinicians to balance between providing the best care to each patient and protecting themselves and other patients from the spread of the virus. It also proposes the use of the mnemonic PREVENT to resume the crucial indications to be followed for the execution of appropriate echocardiographic examination during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Key words:  COVID-19      echocardiography      SARS-CoV2      personal protective equipment      coronavirus      pandemic     
Submitted:  13 March 2020      Revised:  15 June 2020      Accepted:  18 June 2020      Published:  30 June 2020     
*Corresponding Author(s):  Matteo Cameli     E-mail:  matteo.cameli@yahoo.com

Cite this article: 

Matteo Cameli, Maria Concetta Pastore, Michael Henein, Hatem Soliman Aboumarie, Giulia Elena Mandoli, Flavio D'Ascenzi, Paolo Cameli, Federico Franchi, Sergio Mondillo, Serafina Valente. Safe performance of echocardiography during the COVID-19 pandemic: a practical guide. Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine, 2020, 21(2): 217-223.

URL: 

https://rcm.imrpress.com/EN/10.31083/j.rcm.2020.02.90     OR     https://rcm.imrpress.com/EN/Y2020/V21/I2/217

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