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Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine  2021, Vol. 22 Issue (2): 343-351     DOI: 10.31083/j.rcm2202041
Special Issue: Utilizing Technology in the COVID 19 era
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COVID-19 and cardiovascular system—a comprehensive review
Ibrahim AlShahrani1, Jagadish Hosmani2, *(), Vidya Gurram Shankar3, Abdulaziz AlShahrani1, Rafi Ahmad Togoo1, Syed M Yassin1, Shahrukh Khan4, Shankargouda Patil5
1Department of Paediatric Dentistry and Orthodontic Sciences, College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, 62529 Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2Department of Diagnostic Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, 62529 Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
3Sree NRJV Specialists Dental Clinic, 560097 Bangalore, India
4School of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, 3217 Geelong, Australia
5Department of Maxillofacial Surgery and Diagnostic Sciences, Division of Oral Pathology, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, 45142 Jazan, Saudi Arabia
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Abstract:
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a mystified cryptic virus has challenged the mankind that has brought life to a standstill. Catastrophic loss of life, perplexed healthcare system and the downfall of global economy are some of the outcomes of this pandemic. Humans are raging a war with an unknown enemy. Infections, irrespective of age and gender, and more so in comorbidities are escalating at an alarming rate. Cardiovascular diseases, are the leading cause of death globally with an estimate of 31% of deaths worldwide out of which nearly 85% are due to heart attacks and stroke. Theoretically and practically, researchers have observed that persons with pre-existing cardiovascular conditions are comparatively more vulnerable to the COVID-19 infection. Moreover, they have studied the data between less severe and more severe cases, survivors and non survivors, intensive care unit (ICU) patients and non ICU patients, to analyse the relationship and the influence of COVID-19 on cardiovascular health of an individual, further the risk of susceptibility to submit to the virus. This review aims to provide a comprehensive particular on the possible effects, either direct or indirect, of COVID-19 on the cardiovascular heath of an individual.
Key words:  ACE2      Cardiovascular disorders      Comorbidities      COVID-19     
Submitted:  22 February 2021      Revised:  27 April 2021      Accepted:  28 April 2021      Published:  30 June 2021     
Fund: 
226/40/General Research Project
*Corresponding Author(s):  Jagadish Hosmani     E-mail:  jhosmani@kku.edu.sa

Cite this article: 

Ibrahim AlShahrani, Jagadish Hosmani, Vidya Gurram Shankar, Abdulaziz AlShahrani, Rafi Ahmad Togoo, Syed M Yassin, Shahrukh Khan, Shankargouda Patil. COVID-19 and cardiovascular system—a comprehensive review. Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine, 2021, 22(2): 343-351.

URL: 

https://rcm.imrpress.com/EN/10.31083/j.rcm2202041     OR     https://rcm.imrpress.com/EN/Y2021/V22/I2/343

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