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Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine  2021, Vol. 22 Issue (2): 483-488     DOI: 10.31083/j.rcm2202055
Special Issue: New insight in Cardiovascular Imaging
Original Research Previous articles | Next articles
Unilateral absence of pulmonary artery analysis based on echocardiographic feature
Mingjun Tian1, Minjuan Zheng1, *()
1Department of Ultrasound, Xijing hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, 710032 Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
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Abstract:
The unilateral absence of pulmonary artery (UAPA) is a rare congenital cardiovascular malformation, which is asymptomatic and easy to be ignored in early stage. A large number of complications may occur in the later stage. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment is of great significance. The imaging data of 49 patients with UAPA discovered and confirmed clinically by the echocardiography in our hospital are analyzed. The results show that left pulmonary artery absence is more common (55%) and most of them are associated with other cardiovascular malformations (92%). Atrial septal defect and patent foramen ovale were most common in 56%. In which the absence of isolated pulmonary artery was 8% (4/49), and the absence of right pulmonary artery was 75% (3/4). Especially in the patients with tetralogy of Fallot, 77% (5/9) of them miss the diagnosis of UAPA. This suggests that doctors and sonographers should pay attention to the development of pulmonary artery bifurcation and left and right branches in multi-section, and strengthen the scanning of short axis section of high large artery.
Key words:  Unilateral absence of pulmonary artery      Echocardiography      Image feature      Pulmonary hypertension      Vascular malformation     
Submitted:  29 January 2021      Revised:  23 May 2021      Accepted:  24 May 2021      Published:  30 June 2021     
*Corresponding Author(s):  Minjuan Zheng     E-mail:  zhengmj@fmmu.edu.cn

Cite this article: 

Mingjun Tian, Minjuan Zheng. Unilateral absence of pulmonary artery analysis based on echocardiographic feature. Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine, 2021, 22(2): 483-488.

URL: 

https://rcm.imrpress.com/EN/10.31083/j.rcm2202055     OR     https://rcm.imrpress.com/EN/Y2021/V22/I2/483

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