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Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine  2021, Vol. 22 Issue (3): 891-894     DOI: 10.31083/j.rcm2203095
Original Research Previous articles | Next articles
A preliminary study on the radiation dose reduction during catheterization procedures using simple partial patient shielding
Alireza Serati1, Ashkan Hashemi2, Babak Sharifkashani3, Sourmah Nourbakhsh4, Arash Hashemi4, Sepideh Emami5, Mohammad Reza Movahed6, 7, *()
1Masih Daneshvari Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, 1987617862 Tehran, Iran
2Resident of Cardiology in Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Erfan General Hospital, 587668311 Tehran, Iran
3Tobacco Prevention and Control Research Center (TPCRC), National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung disease (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, 1987617862 Tehran, Iran
4Erfan General Hospital, 1587668311 Tehran, Iran
5Firoozgar Clinical Research and Development Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, 1314665611 Tehran, Iran
6CareMore, Tucson, AZ 85701, USA
7University of Arizona, Tucson and Phoenix, Tucson, AZ 85710, USA
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Abstract:
Reduction in X-ray exposure during cardiac catheterization is important to reduce radiation risks to operators and personnel. Reducing scattered radiation from the patient can achieve this goal. The goal of this study was to evaluate the reduction in radiation using simple partial shielding of patients undergoing cardiac catheterization. By putting a lead-based apron on the lower extremities of patients undergoing cardiac catheterization, we analyzed the reduction in total radiation dose with and without this shielding. One hundred and twelve patients were divided into two groups. In one group, the protective lead-based apron was put on the lower extremities of patients. Another group did not have any shielding. Total duration of angiography was 332 minutes and 45 seconds in the first group and 269 minutes and 10 seconds in the second group. The total radiation exposure was 33 μGy in the first group vs 606 μGy in the second group. Despite higher exposure time, total radiation dose was 22 times lower in the simple shielded group. Our simple method without any additional cost can significantly reduce radiation exposure in the cardiac catheterization laboratory.
Key words:  Angiography      Scattered irradiation      Apron shielding      Radiation injury      Radiation reduction     
Submitted:  14 March 2021      Revised:  10 May 2021      Accepted:  04 June 2021      Published:  24 September 2021     
*Corresponding Author(s):  Mohammad Reza Movahed     E-mail:  rmova@aol.com

Cite this article: 

Alireza Serati, Ashkan Hashemi, Babak Sharifkashani, Sourmah Nourbakhsh, Arash Hashemi, Sepideh Emami, Mohammad Reza Movahed. A preliminary study on the radiation dose reduction during catheterization procedures using simple partial patient shielding. Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine, 2021, 22(3): 891-894.

URL: 

https://rcm.imrpress.com/EN/10.31083/j.rcm2203095     OR     https://rcm.imrpress.com/EN/Y2021/V22/I3/891

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