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Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine  2013, Vol. 14 Issue (1): 56-65     DOI: 10.3909/ricm0639
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Diagnosis and Risk Stratification in Acute Pulmonary Embolism: The Role of Echocardiography
Antonis N. Pavlidis1, Manolis S. Kallistratos1, Grigoris V. Karamasis2, Athanasios S. Tsoukas1, Ioannis P. Levantakis1, Dimitrios Mauropoulos1, Athanasios J. Manolis1, 3
1 Department of Cardiology, Asklepeion General Hospital, Athens, Greece
2 Intensive Care Unit, Harefield Hospital, London, UK
3 Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA
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Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a frequently encountered clinical condition with a high mortality rate that is affected by various factors such as age, hemodynamics, and other comorbidities. Early diagnosis and risk stratification are crucial to achieving a favorable clinical outcome. New risk stratification algorithms have been proposed in order to identify high-risk patients who will benefit from early thrombolytic treatment. Among the various validated diagnostic methods, the role of echocardiography is increasingly accepted. Recent advances in studying right ventricular function have made echocardiography an attractive tool for establishing or excluding the diagnosis of acute PE in the emergency setting and initiating optimal therapy.
Key words:  Pulmonary embolism      Diagnosis      Echocardiography      Risk assessment     
Published:  30 March 2013     

Cite this article: 

Antonis N. Pavlidis, Manolis S. Kallistratos, Grigoris V. Karamasis, Athanasios S. Tsoukas, Ioannis P. Levantakis, Dimitrios Mauropoulos, Athanasios J. Manolis. Diagnosis and Risk Stratification in Acute Pulmonary Embolism: The Role of Echocardiography. Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine, 2013, 14(1): 56-65.

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