Elderly patients scheduled for major elective vascular surgery are at high risk for a major adverse cardiac events (MACE). The objectives of the study were: (1) To determine the individual discriminatory ability of four risk prediction models and four biomarkers in predicting MACEs in elderly patients undergoing major elective vascular surgery; (2) to find a prognostic model with the best characteristics; (3) to examine the significance of all preoperative parameters; and (4) to determine optimal cut-off values for biomarkers with best predictor capabilities. We enrolled 144 geriatric patients, aged 69.97 3.73 years, with a 2:1 male to female ratio. Essential inclusion criteria were open major vascular surgery and age 65 years. The primary outcome was the appearance of MACEs within 6 months. These were noted in 33 (22.9%) patients. The most frequent cardiac event was decompensated heart failure, which occurred in 22 patients (15.3%). New onset atrial fibrillation was registered in 13 patients (9%), and both myocardial infarction and ventricular arrhythmias occurred in eight patients each (5.5%). Excellent discriminatory ability (AUC 0.8) was observed for all biomarker combinations that included the N-terminal fragment of pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP). The most predictive two-variable combination was the Geriatric-Sensitive Cardiac Risk Index (GSCRI) + NT-proBNP (AUC of 0.830 with a 95% confidence interval). Female gender, previous coronary artery disease, and NT-proBNP were three independent predictors in a multivariate model of binary logistic regression. The Cox regression multivariate model identified high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and NT-proBNP as the only two independent predictors.